Zechariah 9:9 is an under-discussed and poorly understood but very interesting prophecy which Jesus fulfills revealing who the daughter of Zion is and maybe also the daughter of Jerusalem:
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Now compare this with the passages in the beginning of Matt 21 where Jesus fulfills this prophecy (partially, at least):
And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples, Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me. And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them. All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass. And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them, And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.
Notice that the reference to the ‘daughter of Jerusalem’ is removed from the middle of the prophecy (as it was given by Zechariah) and that only the ‘daughter of Sion’ is mentioned.
Many present who, upon seeing this entry, accepted and proclaimed Jesus to be their Savior and King. Matthew makes it abundantly clear that those who saw or learned of this (humble and lowly as it appeared) accepted Jesus as their King and Savior, and that the same are the ‘daughter of Sion’.
Also, slightly off subject but interesting and not to be overlooked, it seems that there were some, if not many, present who were expecting such a great event to happen at this time. Else why would there be one in the village who would have an ass and colt prepared and waiting for this moment. Mark 11 made it plain that the disciples were questioned upon the taking of these animals by people who seemed to have known that they were not the owners. Never the less, they were not detained when they offered their simple explanation that “the Lord hath need of them“. It seems very obvious that a man of faith had prepared those animals for the moment.
The Jews do not recognize Jesus as their king and savior, even to this day. Let’s face it, it was the Jewish leaders who wanted Him put to death. I realize that a few accept Christ as their king but by and large they reject Christ. But keep in mind that the ‘daughter of Jerusalem’ was not mentioned in the fulfilling of the prophecy at this time. It is fair to suggest that the Jews represent the ‘daughter of Jerusalem’ and that they were not mentioned at this time because it was known that they wouldn’t accept Jesus, His kingdom and His salvation. Although, we know that the ‘daughter of Jerusalem’ one day will as foretold by Zechariah in that same verse.
Though the Jews don’t accept Him as their King and Savior, Jesus’ fulfillment of this prophecy wasn’t in vain. What a blasphemous misunderstanding upon those who thought that it went unfulfilled at that time. There were those who saw and believed, even in that day. Since it wasn’t the ‘Jews’ of that day, nor the ‘Jews’ of modern time, then you have to ask yourself: Who in the world today accepts He who rode into Jerusalem that day on a colt as their King and their Savior? To my knowledge in the world then and today, this belief is unique to the Christian. Now since the fulfillment is directed to the ‘daughter of Sion’ then the daughter of Sion is the believing/accepting Christian. (Yes, there are people who claim to be Christian though they should not to be confused with those who truly believe.)
Most teachers and Christians today believe that Jesus was sent to the Jews to be their King and Savior. Yes, Jesus is the Savior of Israel and for the whole world (Jews and Gentiles as well whether they like it or not). But don’t overlook who Jesus Himself was careful to say that He was sent unto –
And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us. But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me. But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children’s bread, and to cast it to dogs. And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters’ table. Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour.
(Let that be a lesson to those who fail to fully appreciate the power of FAITH to move upon the will of our Father! In fact, it is a gift of Him!)
Jesus Himself said “I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” And most will then say, ‘Well the Jews and the house of Israel are the same thing!‘ But that’s not quite true. The Jews are Israelites, yes but not all Israelites are Jews, only a small fraction of them. Just as the Illinoisans are Americans but not all Americans are Illinoisans.
Here is a prominent misunderstanding among (un)believers: That the Jews of today are the chosen people and that they have chosen to reject the Son (Word) of God up to this point. While it is apparently true that the Jews largely reject the Word of God, they are not the chosen of our Father. The chosen of our Father are those who have Faith in His Word. Being a chosen child of God is a result of Grace through Faith in His Word. Ask Abraham if you don’t believe that. He was obviously never a Jew but it was Abram that received the blessings and covenants of God. By the way, if you didn’t agree with that last sentence, then erase everything from your religious whiteboard and begin a brand new study of the Bible from scratch.
So, when Christ Himself says that He was ‘sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel‘, and the Jews don’t accept Christ as their king, neither as their Savior, then did Christ as yet fail His own stated mission? Only the true unbeliever thinks that. So then who is the house of Israel to whom He says that He was sent? Well, ask yourself this- “Who accepts Jesus as their Lord and Savior arrived humble upon an ass and colt?” The Christians. How simple is that! So, who are the lost sheep of the house of Israel then? The Christians (in a general sense) are the lost sheep of the house of Israel. In fact, they are so lost that they don’t even recognize who they are. Why do they not recognize who they are?, because so many of them do not study nor do they understand the Bible, which is Truth (the Word) of God. The same are so unfamiliar with the Bible that they don’t even know or understand who Israel is nor the difference between Ephraim and Judah
I could tell you to read Genesis 48 and 49 to see a few of the blessings inherited by the various tribes of Israel, but honestly, if you need that information, then you need to begin your study of the Bible from the very beginning anyway. Pray and petition our Father for guidance in understanding His Word, it is absolutely necessary. And follow that up by beginning to study His Word. That is, after all, the formula for Grace through Faith as set forth in Luke 11:1-13.
Getting back to the prophecy fulfilled by Christ when He rode upon the ass. The prophecy of Zechariah goes on to state in the next verses –
And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth. As for thee also, by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is no water. Turn you to the strong hold, ye prisoners of hope: even to day do I declare that I will render double unto thee; When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man.
Notice that it appears that Ephraim in verse 10 corresponds to Zion of the previous verse and that Judah corresponds to Jerusalem. Those who have an elementary level understanding of scripture will recognize that Ephraim is the name often used in the Bible synonymously with the “house of Israel”. If you don’t yet understand the difference between the house of Judah (the Jews) and the house of Israel (the other 10 tribes of Israelites) then this should be a very clear signal to you that you are not possessing a fundamental understanding of the Word of God. Essentially, you miss out on understanding the prophets and prophecies of the Old Testament.
Also, clearly in verse 13, God is comparing Judah (House of Judah) as a bow which will He bend, and Ephraim (House of Israel) as the arrow. He will also open the eyes (awaken) of Zion (Christians) and make them as a sword of a mighty man!
Daughter of Zion – 2Kings 19:21 , Psalm 9:14 , Isa_1:8, Isa_10:32, Isa_16:1, Isa_37:22, Isa_52:2, Isa_62:11, Jer_4:31, Jer_6:2, Jer_6:23, Jer_8:19, Lam_1:6, Lam_2:1, Lam_2:4, Lam_2:8, Lam_2:10, Lam_2:13, Lam_2:18, Lam_4:22, Mic_1:13, Mic_4:8, Mic_4:10, Mic_4:13, Zep_3:14, Zec_2:7, Zec_2:10, Zec_9:9,
- Zion (which means ‘waymark’ or ‘guidepost’) is representative of Jesus (and His church?).
- Zion’s daughter would recognize the arrival of their King ‘riding upon an ass and a colt, the foal of an ass.‘ (Zechariah 9:9) The daughters of Zion are the true followers of Jesus and seek Truth (often represented as those not already married to another or as virgins or brides in waiting).
- Jesus arrived ‘riding upon an ass and a colt, the foal of an ass‘. (Matthew 21:5)
- The Christians are the only ones who recognize Jesus as their King, their Lord and Savior. So the Christians are the daughter of Zion.
- In Zechariah, Zion is also referred to as Ephraim (one of the thirteen tribes of Israel and the leading tribe of the ‘house of Israel) and Ephraim is a name synonymous with the house of Israel (the 10 lost tribes). So Zion may also represent more specifically the lost house of Israel depending upon the context of the scripture. (Zechariah 9:10-13)
- It is worth mentioning that Ephraim, Manasseh, and Benjamin made up the western encampment of the tabernacle. If the location of the encampments around the tabernacle were not important, why would God articulate that?
The daughter of Zion is the Israelites, Jews and Gentiles who accept Jesus as their Lord and Savior.
Live in Truth.
Don’t take anything I tell you on my word. Verify what you’re told by others. If concerns scripture, check it out for yourself, it doesn’t take long. If you only listen to other people teach or discuss the Bible then you need to question the leaven that may be introduced by them. Failure to check it out for yourself is only your fault. Most importantly, always ask our Father for proper understanding of His word and for the leading of His Spirit.